Communication FixUp : Alex Long

The purpose of this application is to give the most severe disability the power to communicate basic needs. A tool that can easily process speech, signs and gestures, create pictures, symbols, and letters would assist those with the most severe disabilities but with the technology in today’s devices this social just tool can assist the everyday Joe. This application will be entirely accessible to anyone with a severe need to simple directions to the bathroom.

The application addresses the basic needs for communication by providing an Alternative and Augmentative Communication for an individual with disabilities with app-enabled phones. The application empowers the user to transmit the information needed for positive results. The ability to select a database of images, emoticons and text reinforced by the ease of use will allow even the most severely disabled the ability to communicate. “The silence of speechlessness is never golden. We all need to communicate and connect with each other – not just in one way, but in as many ways as possible. It is a basic human need, a basic human right. And more than this, it is a basic human power… (B. Williams, 2000, p. 248).” Technology that is easily accessible now has the ability to provide a wide range of ways to communicate.

The intended user of this app has severe communication disabilities with the yearning to properly express their needs or emotions with ease and speed. Today’s smart devices feature technology that can detect an abnormal behavior that can detect a need or emergency before it occurs. For those with serious health problems this application will feature a heart pressure monitor and sleep patterns. The user is very aware of the type of technology being interacted with. Fortunately clear and concise communication tools are available on devices that are socially accepted. …[the iPad] provides a rather elegant solution to the social integration problem. Kids with even the most advanced dedicated speech device are still carrying around something that tells the world “I have a disability.” Kids using an iPad have a device that says, “I’m cool.” And being cool, being like anyone else, means more to them than it does to any of us. (Rummel-Hudson, 2011, p. 22). This is technology that will be useful for anyone with non-verbal communication needs.

This application is also intended for individuals who do not speak the native language of the country they are in. This is a benefit of mobile media being used for globalization. By using this application, a foreign laborer can be effective at work by using the Alternative and Augmentative Communication system. Social Justice issues arise when there are forces benefiting or hurting social groups, and by giving access to a basic communication tool there is a balancing that occurs. “The United Nations estimates the total number of illiterate adults to be about 800 million worldwide, 270 million of whom are located in Indie alone, and defines illiteracy as a “person who cannot with understanding both read and write a short simple statement on their everyday life” (Chipchase 80). Those that do not have the proper education or life circumstances will be able to make use of this app.

The technology is available to fully allow people facing social justice issues ranging from disabilities to education to integrate themselves into the mobile media world. With applications that allow the most simple form of communication, they will be greater globalization because of mobile media. Understanding the importance of leveling out the serious issues  individuals in society is the beginning of change to “the operation of power: the social construction, or shaping, of disability in technology has decisively to do with relation of power” (Goggin and Newell 2003). Those with social justice issues were not thought of during the first stages of the digital world but with new applications that is changing.

Works Cited

Cell phone culture: mobile technology in everyday life By: Goggin, Gerard. Routledge 2006

Handbook of mobile communication studies By: Katz, James Everett. MIT Press 2008

Rummel – Hudson. R. (2011) A revolution at their fingertips. Perspectives on Augmentative and Alternative Communication, 19-23.

Willliams, B. (2000). More than an exception to the rule. Speaking up and spelling it out (pp. 245–254). Baltimore, MD: Paul H. Brookes.

Privacy Concerns Don’t Help Blind Users

Mobile media has the ability to take the form of a social justice tools for the fair treatment of people. There are a large amount of issues that are presently being tackled by a digital philosophers. Social justice must be supported by the people who can challenge the fairness of society. Today, social justice requires digital philosophers to work together and are able to design tools to reflect fairness into all parts of society.

Since today’s society is one that is extremely visual in how information is processed, a mobile application that can help the impaired understand their environment could provide to be beneficial for millions of people. According to the Light and Luckin reading, Learner-generated content is “becoming a significant feature of the educational landscape”[JISC 2007].

The Color ID Free application, found in the Apple App Store is “an augmented reality app for discovering the names of the colors around you!” The application uses the camera on the iPhone to “speak the names of colors in real-time.”  The app is designed to be used by everyone, including those suffering from social justice issues. “It can be a useful app for the blind and visually impaired, but I think it’s fun for everyone”

When using the app, the learner-generated content becomes apparent immediately. Upon opening the Color ID app, the color of whatever the camera is seeing is spoken to the learner. This gives those who are blind or vision impaired “a powerful way of stimulating both the individual and collective learning, as well as supporting social processes of perspective-taking and negotiation of meaning that underpin knowledge creation”[JISC 2007 : 185]. The colors that appear in the physical world hold meaning to those who “see” them.

Problems arise in the app when notions of privacy are examined. The user of the app is essentially recording the environment around them, and in a public space, inappropriate circumstances make themselves present. Stores are beginning to recognize that a camera can be an harmful tool and are beginning to ban it. As seen in Chapter 1: MannGlass “Business establishments like T&T Supermarket are actually in violation of the law because they forbid the use of a seeing aid in their establishment.I wasn’t recording anything until I was told such activity was forbidden. Once told to stop recording (which I wasn’t doing), I started recording, so that I would have evidence of their illegal activities” What would the user of Color Id do if the privacy concerns of the public prevents them from properly using the social justice app?

There are omnipresent issues for digital philosophers and their fight for social justice. Privacy concerns being just one aspect of the fairness of society today. The future of augmented reality will provide support for social justice apps because they will allow greater access and accuracy than the social justice apps that are around today.

Works Cited

Color ID Free. (n.d.). Retrieved March 8, 2014, from https://appsto.re/us/aKz-x.i

Denvir, D. (2013, March 6). Police Brutality in the iPhone era.

LIGHT, Ann and LUCKIN, Rosemary (2008). Designing for social justice : people, technology, learning. Discussion Paper. Futurelab.

https://mobmedsp15.files.wordpress.com/2012/11/designing_for_social_justice.pdf

Mann, S. (2013). Chapter 1. In MannGlass, SpeedGlass, Googlass, and The Veillance Contract.

http://wearcam.org/VeillanceContract/VeillanceContract.htm

The Complex Relationship between Disabilities and Mobile Media – Alex Long

The new apple iWatch and similar technologies can be used as a complete and functional communication tool that is accessible for all types of people. The iWatch will be the first widely accepted wearable technology and will inspire the continued growth of Augmentative and Alternative Communication (AAC) technology. The abilities of the iWatch will allow the user to easily initiate communication but it will also be able to predict situations with problematic outcomes.

The social reality of wearable technology is quite dim as of now, however “the iPad, iPod and iPhone may provide a more socially “accepted” means of communication” (www.speechbubble.org.uk/device/iPad/). Those with disabilities are very conscious of wearable technology but there is great potential for the iWatch to be accepted into the social norm. Since it is constantly in view and extremely accessible, the user must have full control of how interaction with the technology takes place.

Disabilities is a complex social issue and using Augmentative and Alternative Communication as a basis for the app will provide complete and functional communication for people with severe disabilities. “AAC may be used in three main ways ([32] Von Tetzchner and Martinsen, 2000). Some people may need AAC if they have comprehension skills which are in advance of their expressive skills. For this group of people, the issue is that they have more to communicate about than their current means of expression will allow. For another group of people, the AAC support may be a temporary means or may only be needed in some specific situations. Lastly, AAC may be needed for both expressive communication and for comprehension.” The app will be able to be used to expressive emotions rapidly for emergency situations as well as being usable for basic communication .

The app will be able to predict the users habits to determine a potentially troubling situation. The iWatch has the ability to predict the habits of the user by logging information based on location and time to determine if the day is “normal”.  The app will also log user biometrics, including heart rate, kinetics, and temperature to ensure the user is “normal”. With increased information about the user, there is an increase of how the user can be helped.

The design of the app will incorporate simple mathematics to provide consistency throughout.  Using a scale system of 1-10, the user will be immediately display the urgency of help that is needed. Depending on the level of disability, the user will have a variety of ways to invoke the start of communication.

Screen Shot 2015-02-23 at 10.18.48 PM

The intended audience for this app is anyone who needs functional and complete communication, particularly for those in need, such as people with severe disabilities.

Works Cited

Bradshaw, J. (2013). The use of augmentative and alternative communication apps for the iPad, iPod and iPhone: An overview of recent developments. Tizard Learning Disability Review, 18(1), 31-37. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/13595471311295996

Anthony, K (2015). Conducting Cognitive Exercises for Early Dementia With the Use of Apps on Ipads. Communication Disorders Quarterly 2015, Vol. 36(2) 102-106, http://cdq.sagepub.com.libproxy.temple.edu/content/36/2/102.full.pdf+html

Thomas, C. (2014, Sep 17). Have an emergency? there’s an app for that. The Charleston Gazette Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/1562503064?accountid=14270

Alex Long – Social Justice Research

Alex Long

Social Justice Topic

The topic of my Social Justice Topic Research Report is centered around a functional communication tool that is accessible for all types of people. This will assist many types of people in any situation in which basic information is needed quickly and efficiently. Clear and concise communication applications can help make a difference in life or death situation and should be available to those who need it. “Eric Tissenbaum, a disabilities advocate with the Appalachian Center for Independent Living, Mike Jarrett of the Kanawha County Ambulance Service and others have devised a new smartphone/iPad app to be used by local public agencies such as ambulance services, police departments and fire departments to communicate with people who do not speak English fluently.” The app will utilize pictures, icons, translators and sound to effectively produce communication between the needy and the help.

The social justice topic of this report will be centered on Disabilities, and there are many issues that relate to the topic. Augmentative and Alternative Communication (ACC) is needed for those with severe disabilities but are faced with difficulties. “these include prevailing attitudes that “privilege spoken languages and deny the value of alternatives” ([31] Von Tetzchner and Grove, 2003, p. 1). However, recent developments in communication applications (apps) for the iPad, iPod and iPhone may provide a more socially “accepted” means of communication (www.speechbubble.org.uk/device/iPad/). These issues must be examined before the design process of the app begins and success will rely on how AAC is actually utilized. “AAC may be used in three main ways ([32] Von Tetzchner and Martinsen, 2000). Some people may need AAC if they have comprehension skills which are in advance of their expressive skills. For this group of people, the issue is that they have more to communicate about than their current means of expression will allow. For another group of people, the AAC support may be a temporary means or may only be needed in some specific situations. Lastly, AAC may be needed for both expressive communication and for comprehension.” Disabilities is a complex social justice issue which can also solve problems for various other social justice issues, including education and homelessness.

In a research brief titled, Conducting Cognitive Exercises for Early Dementia with the Use of Apps on Ipads, a list of itunes apps was compiled to determine salient features of the most successful apps to benefit the knowledge base on innovative use of technology. In producing an app it is important to create for the focus audience. The limitations of those with disabilities is a factor in this app design. It was found that the more successful apps, incorporate simple mathematics  and the least successful were characterized by pre-set time limits.

Works Cited

Bradshaw, J. (2013). The use of augmentative and alternative communication apps for the iPad, iPod and iPhone: An overview of recent developments. Tizard Learning Disability Review, 18(1), 31-37. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/13595471311295996

Anthony, K (2015). Conducting Cognitive Exercises for Early Dementia With the Use of Apps on Ipads. Communication Disorders Quarterly 2015, Vol. 36(2) 102-106, http://cdq.sagepub.com.libproxy.temple.edu/content/36/2/102.full.pdf+html

Thomas, C. (2014, Sep 17). Have an emergency? there’s an app for that. The Charleston Gazette Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/1562503064?accountid=14270

Alexander Long’s Mobile Media Introductory

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@eastcoastkava

2. This class is interesting due to the powerful relationship  between mobile technology and society. Mobile Media represents a very potent use of technology by society. Society is able to determine our relationship with technology by the use of government and authority. We are constantly seeing privacy infringements and hacks on major companies. Facebook forces users to use their real name to protect themselves from the Law. People under a restraining order are being thrown in jail due to liking an Instagram. As advancements in technology continue, a greater authority will be imposed onto how we use technology.

“The government’s health insurance website is quietly sending consumers’ personal data to private companies that specialize in advertising and analyzing Internet data for performance and marketing, The Associated Press has learned.

The scope of what is disclosed or how it might be used was not immediately clear, but it can include age, income, ZIP code, whether a person smokes, and if a person is pregnant. It can include a computer’s Internet address, which can identify a person’s name or address when combined with other information collected by sophisticated online marketing or advertising firms.

The Obama administration says HealthCare.gov’s connections to data firms were intended to help improve the consumer experience. Officials said outside firms are barred from using the data to further their own business interests.”

Technology is able to determine our relationship with society and cultural values. The impact that new technology has on society has always fascinated me because every couple months mobile technology goes through massive changes.

Technology and society are intertwined with each other and I hope to get a better understanding of the combined concepts. By understanding the concepts of mobile media the use of these communication tools will be enhanced. My current abilities using mobile media is severely lacking, and I feel that it is important to use these tools to be successful in society today.

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=y_sEWPSNwg4

Works Cited

Youtube Hobar, Grant (2014, Nov, 21) Technological Determinisin Explained. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=y_sEWPSNwg4

Alonso-Zaldivar, Ricardo. (2015 Jan 20). Government Health Care Website Quietly Sharing Personal Data. ABC News, http://abcnews.go.com/Technology/wireStory/privacy-concerns-governments-health-care-website-28340119